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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 13, No. 3, 2013, pp. 601-606
Bioline Code: hs13093
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2013, pp. 601-606

 en Serum zinc values in children with congenital heart disease
Sadoh, WE & Sadoh, AE


Background: Some children with congenital heart diseases (CHD) may have increased pulmonary blood flow that causes recurrent bronchopneumonia and congestive heart failure. Serum zinc is reduced in children with pneumonia and patients on diuretics.
Objective: To evaluate the serum zinc level of children with CHD and their controls without CHD.
Method: The subjects were 41 children with CHD confirmed on echocardiography recruited from a paediatric cardiology clinic in a tertiary centre in Nigeria. The controls were 41 children without CHD. Biodata and anthropometric measurements were taken. The serum zinc was determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometer method.
Result: The mean difference in the serum zinc of the subjects 101.3 ± 21.6μg/dl and controls 106.5 ± 18.3μg/dl, was not significant, p = 0.351.The subjects with pneumonia had a lower mean serum zinc value 89.5 ± 15.0μg/dl compared to those without pneumonia 103.9 ± 22.2μg/dl, p = 0.006. The mean serum zinc values of the subjects on diuretic was not statistically different from those not on diuretic, p = 0.599.
Conclusion: The serum zinc levels of the subjects and controls were not significantly different. Children with CHD and pneumonia had significantly lower zinc level compared to those without pneumonia.

congenital heart disease; diuretic; pneumonia; zinc

© African Health Sciences

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