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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1729-0503
Vol. 13, No. 4, 2013, pp. 992-998
Bioline Code: hs13139
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2013, pp. 992-998

 en Factors influencing urban malaria: a comparative study of two communities in the Accra Metropolis
Brenyah, R.C.; Osakunor, D.N.M & Ephraim, R.K.D

Abstract

Background: As urban centres in Ghana continue to grow, the scale and impact of urban malaria is increasing.
Objective: To compare the prevalence of malaria in two communities and how this may be affected by knowledge,attitudes, socioeconomic status and preventive practices of residents in two communities within the Accra metropolis.
Methods: Giemsa-stained thick blood films were examined for malaria parasites in 400 people (200 each from townships with high and low urban status) from May to November 2009. Questionnaires were administered to determine and evaluate demographics of the participants. All participants lived within the two catchment areas, about 20 km apart.
Results: Average malaria prevalence among participants was 8.75%. Prevalence in Kaneshie (12%: p=0.032) was significantly higher compared to Airport West (5.5%). Illiteracy rate (17.5%), self-medication (81.5%) and the use of coils (21.0%) as a control mechanism was higher among residents of Kaneshie than Airport West. Most of the people (40%) in Kaneshie did not use any form of malaria control method. Insecticide spray was the most preferred malaria control mechanism by the Airport West residents (60.5%). Overall knowledge about malaria, employment status, housing conditions, level of overcrowding and the cost of treatment of malaria was better in Airport West than at Kaneshie.
Conclusion: Malaria prevalence and factors influencing its transmission differs within communities in the same urban area. It is therefore essential to develop control and prevention strategies based on the needs of specific communities.

Keywords
Malaria; prevalence; urbanization; demographics; insecticide spray; insecticide treated nets

 
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