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Zoological Research
Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 2095-8137
Vol. 42, No. 1, 2021, pp. 43-50
Bioline Code: zr21005
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

Zoological Research, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2021, pp. 43-50

 en Revisiting the evolutionary history of domestic and wild ducks based on genomic analyses
Guo, Xing; He, Xin-Xin; Chen, Hong; Wang, Zhi-Cheng; Li, Hui-Fang; Wang, Jiang-Xian; Wang, Ming-Shan & Jiang, Run-Shen

Abstract

Although domestic ducks have been important poultry species throughout human history, their origin remains enigmatic, with mallards and/or Chinese spot-billed ducks being proposed as the direct wild ancestor(s) of domestic ducks. Here, we analyzed 118 whole genomes from mallard, Chinese spot-billed, and domestic ducks to reconstruct their evolutionary history. We found pervasive introgression patterns among these duck populations. Furthermore, we showed that domestic ducks separated from mallard and Chinese spot-billed ducks nearly 38 thousand years ago (kya) and 54 kya, respectively, which is considerably outside the time period of presumed duck domestication. Thus, our results suggest that domestic ducks may have originated from another wild duck population that is currently undefined or unsampled, rather than from present-day mallard and/or Chinese spot-billed ducks, as previously thought. Overall, this study provides new insight into the complex evolution of ducks.

Keywords
Duck; Population structure; Demographic histories; Domestication

 
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